Mali Lošinj/island of Lošinj
The basic vegetation of the island is Mediterranean evergreen (holm oak, laurel and pine woods), while the northern side of the island, on the mountain tops and hills of Osoršćica, has plants characteristic of the sub-Mediterranean climate of the island of Cres (oriental hornbeam and oak woods). In the area near Sveti Petar on Cres, there is a thousand-year-old oak tree.
At the end of the 19th century, large areas of the island were reforested with pine trees thanks to Professor Ambroz Haračić, who during his life on the island identified and documented around 1,500 plant types, of which 939 belong to the autochthonous flora (myrtle, sage, laurel), 230 medical herbs (sage, fennel, mint, laurel, oregano, rosemary) and about 80 types of exotic plants that were brought from other parts of the world by sailors from Lošinj (date fruit, agave, aloe, citrus fruits, opuntia, palm trees, mimosa, etc.)
The idyllic landscape, rich in plant and animal species, is covered with dry stone walls, built in order to prevent the erosion of the land and separate the olive groves and gardens of various land owners.
The most beautiful period for either recuperative or active holidays in Lošinj is from March until June, when the air is filled with the aromatic scent of the rich flourishing vegetation.